Fashion terms
for knowledge & inspiration

From time to time we pay special attention to selected fashion terms, complementing their definitions with pictures from the collections of international designers and tutorial videos created for you by the Zurda's team. The terms are provided with filters and a search engine for your convenience.

Precycling
B
Business & Design

a practice that prevents the accumulation of textile and collateral waste by sticking to the premises of zero-waste and conscious fashion. Precycling is about being selective with clothing purchases, buying less articles but of the best possible quality, seeking reusable, recyclable or second-hand products and participating in swap parties. A precycling attitude avoids excessive packaging materials and disposable shopping bags. Consumers are expected to have an idea of the care instructions and repair techniques.

This term was taken from our glossary dedicated to sustainable fashion

Teashade sunglasses
A
Accessories

sunglasses with round crystal or plastic lenses and a thin metal frame. Teashades usually come with a polarized (mirrored) or gradient effect. The frame and the lenses are available in multiple colors, black being the most popular. Teashade sunglasses are produced in different sizes with an average lens diameter of 5 cm (approx. 2 inches).

This term was taken from our glossary dedicated to fashion sunglasses

Buckle
M
Materials

a piece of hardware that looks like a round, square or rectangular frame equipped with one or more hinged prongs. Buckles are used for fastening belts and straps, coming with riveted or eyeleted holes. They are made of metal, plastic, horn and other materials. Buckles can be covered with self fabric. Some designs have a sliding bar or tab and do not need perforations. Two-piece buckles feature a self-locking construction. A side-release buckle is suitable for clasping two strap ends together. A roller reduces friction and facilitates the tightening process.

This term was taken from our glossary dedicated to fashion findings

Outerwear
G
Garments

the outermost layer of clothing worn outdoors over other garments. Outerwear is designed for warmth and protection from the bad weather. Capes and cloaks, different types of coats (e.g. pea coat, raincoat, trench coat, duffle coat) and jackets (e.g. aviator jacket, sports jacket, field jacket, varsity jacket), windbreakers, anoraks and parkas are considered outerwear designs.

This term was taken from our glossary dedicated to the types of wear

Ripped jeans
G
Garments

any style of jeans with elements of distressing, such as holes, cutouts, patches, torn or mended areas and a frayed hem. All of these imperfections are usually found on the knees and thighs. Some designs include pieces of reverse appliqué. Laddering is another popular distressing technique.

This term was taken from our glossary dedicated to the world of denim

Bucket hat
A
Accessories

a functional three-piece hat with a small structured brim that slopes down. The brim may have several rows of circular stitching. The trapeze-shaped crown comes with a flat or rounded top. The side details usually feature metal rivets or textile eyelets for ventilation. A bucket hat is typically made of heavy-duty corduroy, denim or canvas, as well as resistant polyester or wool fabrics. The hats are generally lined. Equivalent to: fisherman hat.

This term was taken from our dictionary dedicated to fashion accessories and footwear

Chandelier earrings
A
Accessories

long, dangling and clinking earrings with a diamond or half-circle shape. Chandelier earrings typically consist of various tiers or multiple levels of gemstones, crystals or beads for easy movement and a flowing effect.

This term was taken from our glossary dedicated to jewelry

Wedding dress
G
Garments

a special-occasion dress worn by the bride during the wedding ceremony. The style, color and decoration of the gown varies greatly between world cultures and religions. A wedding dress is designed to symbolize youth, modesty, beauty, innocence, fertility and auspiciousness. In the Occident, the most typical colors are white, ivory and champagne. Contemporary dress silhouettes include empire, mermaid, a combination of a voluminous full-length skirt with or without a train and a fitted bodice, among others. All kinds of necklines can be showcased, for example, plunging, asymmetrical, sweetheart, portrait and halter. Luxurious matte and lustrous fabrics are combined with floral lace, airy tulle and lavish embellishments, such as embroidery and beading. Classic accessories are a veil, a tiara, jewelry, gloves, a wedding bouquet, garters, shoes and a small purse. Bridal gowns may also come as a two-piece outfit. 

This term was taken from our glossary dedicated to bridal fashion

Snood
A
Accessories

1. a fitted headgear used to gather and hold the hair. It consists of a band of fabric in the front and a mesh or cloth bag in the back, similar to a hairnet. A snood is fastened around the head, providing a full coverage and a neat decorated look. Some styles are adorned with bows, beading and knitted-in patterns 2. a large tubular scarf that is typically worn cowled around the neck and the head, like a hood.

This term was taken from our dictionary dedicated to fashion accessories and footwear

Faux fur
M
Materials

a knitted synthetic fabric usually made of acrylic and polyester with a pile on one side. Imitation fur has the appearance and warmth of real animal fur. Faux furs come in a variety of colors, patterns, weights, pile lengths and textures. They are cheaper, more lightweight, free from cruelty and resistant to moth. On the other hand, fake fur is less durable, less insulating, less breathable than genuine fur and generally not biodegradable. It is important to follow the nap direction when cutting and sewing this textile.

This term was taken from our dictionary dedicated to fashion materials

Crossover
V
Visual Characteristics

a style of a blouse or dress that features overlapped panels on the bodice in the front or back. Equivalent to: surplice neckline.

This term was taken from our dictionary dedicated to the different visual characteristics used in the fashion industry

Flounce
G
Garments

a twirling and wavy strip of fabric attached to the garment for a flaring effect. A flounce requires no gathering or pleating, Its curved or circular shape creates a smooth top and a full and wide bottom. Flounces are typically sewn to the hem of a skirt, top or dress.

This term was taken from our dictionary dedicated to fashion garments

Crossbody bag
A
Accessories

a handbag with a long adjustable strap, which can be looped over the shoulder to carry the bag on the opposite side of the body. The strap crosses the torso and the back. Crossbody bags are practical and functional, allowing the wearer to move around in a hands-free mode. A shorter top handle can be available as well to carry the bag in hand.

This term was taken from our dictionary dedicated to fashion accessories and footwear

Backless
V
Visual Characteristics

a characteristic of the garment (especially a dress or bra) that does not cover the wearer's back, leaving it totally exposed. This design is frequently reserved for special occasions and evening wear, such as a wedding or a party. Equivalent to: open back.

This term was taken from our dictionary dedicated to the different visual characteristics used in the fashion industry

Shirring
T
Technology

a sewing technique in which fabric is gathered by creating rows of stitches made with a thin elastic thread on the wrong side. The rows run in parallel and can vary in number. Shirring works the best with lightweight materials. It is used to remove excess cloth and decorate garments. Shirring can be found on the waistline of a dress, the sleeve cuffs of a blouse, the bodice or the top edge of an off-the-shoulder style.

This term was taken from our dictionary dedicated to fashion technology

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