Fashion terms
for knowledge & inspiration

From time to time we pay special attention to selected fashion terms, complementing their definitions with pictures from the collections of international designers and tutorial videos created for you by the Zurda's team. The terms are provided with filters and a search engine for your convenience.

Crop top
G
Garments

any type of cropped tank top or T-shirt that exposes the waist, the navel or the midriff area.

This term was taken from our dictionary dedicated to fashion garments

Single-breasted
G
Garments

a jacket, coat, blazer or vest that features narrowly overlapped front pieces fastened with a single vertical row of buttons. There usually is one to four buttons, and all of them are functional. The buttons may be fastened or left undone. Longline coats and dresses generally have more buttons. A single-breasted construction is typically combined with a notch lapel, while peak lapels are less common. This type of closure is less formal than double-breasted styles. Both single- and double-breasted pieces are suitable for reversible designs provided they have a row of buttons and a row of buttonholes on each side.

This term was taken from our glossary dedicated to the anatomy of a classic men's suit

Magenta
V
Visual Characteristics

an intense pink color with a purplish shade; one of the primary colors of the CMYK color system. Variations of magenta include a purplish-red or a mauvish-red color. Magenta can be obtained by mixing equal amounts of red and blue. Equivalent to: fuchsia.

This term was taken from our dictionary dedicated to the different visual characteristics used in the fashion industry

Houndstooth
V
Visual Characteristics

a tessellation pattern that consists of irregular and abstract polygonal shapes in two or more contrasting colors, often in black and white. These geometric forms fill the surface of the fabric in a strict linear order with no gaps between them. Houndstooth is also referred to as a broken check pattern. It is typically woven in woolens and is used in classic menswear staples, such as sports jackets, overcoats and flat caps. A small-scale houndstooth design is called puppytooth.

This term was taken from our dictionary dedicated to the different visual characteristics used in the fashion industry

Cold shoulder
G
Garments

a set-in sleeve with a cutout meant to expose the shoulder. A cold shoulder sleeve has no top portion (sleeve cap), starting at the bicep level. It looks similar to the off-the-shoulder style. Cold shoulder designs can also be defined as a hybrid of a sleeveless top with capless sleeves.

This term was taken from our dictionary dedicated to fashion garments

Camouflage or camo
V
Visual Characteristics

a fractal, chaotic and disruptive fabric pattern that allows the wearer to blend into their surroundings (e.g. type of terrain, weather or lighting conditions). A camo print avoids identification and discerns the shape, the size and the movement. A contrasting and interrupted coloration is usually performed in green, brown, white and gray colors. Zebra stripes and leopard spots are some examples of the natural camouflage. Tigerstripe, woodland and pixelized digital prints are further popular military patterns.

This term was taken from our dictionary dedicated to the different visual characteristics used in the fashion industry

Quilting
T
Technology

a method of stitching together three layers of textile materials: a top fabric, a backing and a batting or wadding in between. Quilting projects have a three-dimensional padded appearance. The surface is usually highly decorative and elaborate, frequently employing embroidery and patchwork techniques. Hand or machine stitches are typically arranged into a pattern or design. The interior layer contains a cotton, wool or synthetic filler and features insulating properties. Quilting is used to create clothing, bed covers and wall hangings.

This term was taken from our dictionary dedicated to fashion technology

Layering
V
Visual Characteristics

a dressing style that puts several garments on top of each other for utilitarian or aesthetic reasons. Functional layering combines a moisture-wicking and skin-friendly base layer with an insulating mid layer and a climate-resistant top layer (shell). When a chic appearance is a target, proportions, contrasting textures, volumes, colors, patterns and shapes are taken into account. For instance, a bulky, oversized top is balanced with a slim bottom, exposing a lightweight and fitted inner layer. A modern capsule wardrobe is expected to produce different looks by interchanging the layers.

This term was taken from our dictionary dedicated to the different visual characteristics used in the fashion industry

Polka dots
V
Visual Characteristics

a textile pattern of medium to large circles of the same size arranged in a full or half repeat. Some designs feature randomly scattered dots. Polka dots are printed in a contrasting color, for example, black dots on white background.

This term was taken from our dictionary dedicated to the different visual characteristics used in the fashion industry

Beret
A
Accessories

a visorless, round and flattish unisex cap. The flat-crowned form is achieved by circular pieces, which are knitted, crocheted, felted or sewn. Berets can be made of a wide range of materials and usually have a soft shape. Some designs, however, may be structured with buckram or any similar stiffener. A headband or sweatband, a drawstring, a badge or a decorative brooch are other common features.

This term was taken from our dictionary dedicated to fashion accessories and footwear

Tulle
M
Materials

a fine and lightweight netting made of different fibers, such as silk, polyester, nylon and viscose (rayon). Depending on the fiber used, tulle can be stiff or soft. Silk tulle is the most flowing variation. Tulle is used for veils, petticoats, ballet tutus and so forth. It is offered in a wide array of colors and can feature woven-in or printed patterns, for example, polka dots. Tulle does not fray, which makes finishing of the edges unnecessary.

This term was taken from our dictionary dedicated to fashion materials

Sandals
F
Footwear

open summer shoes that expose the entire foot. Sandals consist of an outsole, an insole and a strappy design in lieu of the upper. The straps go over the instep and encircle the ankle. Sandals can also have heels of different heights and shapes. Depending on the functional purpose, materials and overall appearance, sandals may come as fisherman sandals, Roman caligae, jelly shoes, huarache, geta and even flip-flops, among others.

This term was taken from our dictionary dedicated to fashion accessories and footwear

Plunging neckline
G
Garments

a low-cut neckline that has the shape of a V or U. Plunging styles expose the cleavage, reaching as low as possible. Some cutouts stop at the belly button. Deep backless designs are sometimes referred to as plunging. A dress, a top or a bra may come with a plunging neckline. Some plunging necklines require the use of a stick tape to avoid revealing the intimate parts of the body.

This term was taken from our glossary dedicated to the different styles of necklines

Animal print
V
Visual Characteristics

a textile print that resembles the natural pattern of the animal skin or fur. The most common animal prints mimic the striped coat of a zebra or tiger, the spots of a leopard or jaguar, the mosaic motifs of a giraffe or tortoise shell, the scale-like geometry of a snake or crocodile skin, the random color variations of a cow or the fur of the African wild dog, etc. The colors can be precisely replicated or deliberately altered. Animal prints can appear on fabrics, imitation leather or faux fur.

This term was taken from our dictionary dedicated to the different visual characteristics used in the fashion industry

Clutch
A
Accessories

a compact, slim and flat handbag without handles. A clutch does not have any shoulder or wrist strap. It usually has a rectangular shape and is designed to be carried in hands or under the arm. Due to its small size, a clutch is suitable to carry essentials. It is typically used for formal events, cocktails and parties.

This term was taken from our dictionary dedicated to fashion accessories and footwear

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